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    Spanish Civil War was war between Second Spanish Republicball, the dominate government of Spain, and Francoist Spainball for control over Spain and the future of the country. The war occurred during the Interwar period, but it dragged in major powers such as Soviet Unionball and Nazi Germanyball among others and the war would be a foreshadow for things to come for the rest of Europe in World War II.

    History

    The Second Spanish Republic was established in 1931 in the aftermath of social unease and increased opposition to the monarchy from failed policies, support for liberal policies, and the failed war of attrition against Moroccoball. The republic sought to create a modern, secular democratic republic for all of Spain, but the reforms were slow and slowed down even more as a result of the Great Depression. Right wingers got into power briefly, but they were defeated by the Popular Front, a coalition of leftist political parties and elements in Spain and these elements formed their own government known as Nationalist Spain and in 1936, the civil war began after an attempted coup by the Nationalists failed against the Republican government.

    The Republican faction varied from supporters of the Liberal Democracy in Spain to Anarchists and Communists who were opposed to it but hated Fascism more, uniting them with Liberals and moderates in their hatred of Fascism.

    The Nationalist faction was mostly composed of important army officers, landowners and many businessman, including Fascist-oriented parties like the Falange.

    In 1934, there was a widespread labor conflict and a bloody uprising by the miners in File:Asturiaball-icon.png Asturiaball, and it was suppressed by the Spainish troops led by General Fransico Franco. Then, following the election in Feburary 16, 1936, a series of governmental crisis had culminated, which brought to power a Popular Front government supported by the left-wing parties and was opposed by the right-wing parties and those who hold a neutral standpoint.

    A well planned military uprising began on July 17,1936, in garrison towns throughout Second Spanish Republic's clay. By July 21, the Nationalists had achieve total control over File:Spanish morocco-icon.png Spanish Moroccoball, File:Canary islandsball-icon.png Canary Islandsball, and most of the File:Balearic Islandsball-icon.png Balearic Islandsball, and the part of File:Spainball-icon.png Spainball north of the Guadarrama mountaind and the Ebro river, except for File:Asturiaball-icon.png Asturiaball, Basqueball, Santanderball, and Cataloniaball.

    The republican forces managed to put down the uprising in other areas, except for some of the larger cities in Andalusiaball, including Sevillaball, File:Granada-icon.png Granadaball, and Cordobaball.

    The Nationalists and the Republicans proceeded to organize their acquired territories and began to supress the opposing forces within. The Republican violence occured mostly in the early stages of the war before the rule of the law was restored in Repbulican controlled territories, but the Nationalists remains a "rule of terror" over their territories throughout the entire war.

    The leadership of the Nationalists was gradually assumed by General Franco, leading forces he had brought from Moroccoball. On October 1, 1936, he was named the head of state of the Nationalist Spainball and set up a government in File:Burgos-icon.png Burgosball. In September 1936, the socialist leader Fransico Largo Caballero was named as the head of state of the Republican government. Then, in 1937, he was followed by another socialist leader, Juan Negrin, who remained premier through the rest of the civil war.

    Both the Nationalist and the Republicans, seeing themselves too weak to win a quick victory, began to seek help from abroad. Nazi Germanyball, Italyball send their troops, tanks and planes to aid Nationalist Spainball. The Soviet Unionball gave equipments and supplies to Republican Spainball, and Franceball also supported the Repblicans, but faced internal opposition. In August 1936, Franceball, UKball, Soviet Unionball, Nazi Germanyball and Italyball signed a nonintervention agreement, but was basically ignored by the Soviets, Germans , and Italians.

    By Novermber 1936, the Nationalists had adavnced into Madridball and placed it under siege, but the Nationalist forces weren't able to get beyond to University City area. In summer 1937, the Nationalists cpatured Basqueball and File:Asturia-icon.png Asturiaball, so that they had full control over the northern coast of Spainball by October. Then, in April 1938, the Nationalists reached the Mediterranean coast and split the Second Spanish Republicball's clay into two seperate small clays. In December 1938, they marched north into Cataloniaball, forcing the Republicans to move towards Franceball. By Feburary 1939, 250,000 Republican soliders and equal numbers of civillians fled into Franceball, and the Republican government flew to exile in Franceball on March 5. On March 7, a mini civil war has broken out between the communist and the anti-communist factions. On March 28,1939 all the Repulican forces surrendered and the Nationlists entered Madrid, which signals the complete victory of Nationalist Spain.

    Combatants

    Nationalist Faction

    Supported by:

    Republican Faction

    Supported by:

    Gallery


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    zh:西班牙内战

    1. Template:Cite web
    2. Thomas (1961). p. 491.
    3. The Nationalist Army
    4. Thomas (1961). p. 488.
    5. Template:Cite book
    6. Manuel Álvaro Dueñas, 2009, p. 126.


    Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding <references group="note"/> tag was found

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